C&A eAlert – Government of India exempts Oil & Gas state owned enterprises from merger control

November 2017

On 22 November 2017, the Government of India issued a notification exempting Central Public Sector Enterprises (CPSEs) operating in the Oil and Gas Sectors (O&G Exemption), from a mandatory pre-merger approval requirement under the Competition Act, 2002 (Competition Act) for a period of five years.

This O&G Exemption comes right before the Government of India’s implementation of policy to merge major oil public sector undertakings. Interestingly, while the notification exempts these mergers from a competitive assessment, the main objective of the policy to increase competitiveness of these CPSEs. The merged entity is expected to become a conglomerate with market values exceeding the leading players in the Oil & Gas industry.


In August earlier this year, the Government also extended a similar exemption to nationalized banks (Bank Exemption). The Bank Exemption was in furtherance of a policy geared towards consolidation of nationalized banks to increase their competitiveness.

The policy of immunizing state owned enterprises from competition law has often been criticized as one which leads to inherent market distortions and inefficiencies. This policy is also likely to hinder harmonization of Indian competition law with set international practices recommending competitive neutrality between private and public sector.

Should you have any questions, please contact members of our competition law team.



Karan Singh Chandhiok
Head, Competition and Dispute Resolution Practice


Vikram Sobti
Managing Associate


Kalyani Singh 
Managing Associate

© 2017 Chandhiok & Associates, Advocates and Solicitors

This e-alert is for information purposes only and does not constitute legal advice.